Marie Cleo Mahouva Massela, Universität Leipzig

State-Driven Approaches to Social Business in Cameroon

Cameroon, a country in central Africa has a quite complicated political and social history. This has definitely had an impact on the economic development of the country. Notwithstanding the stagnant political state of affairs in Cameroon and the deteriorating economy, that has frustrated the population, it tries to cope by developing parallel economic activities. Therefore, individuals in research of their own well-being or the well-being of a particular community have embraced new ideas like Social Business. By doing so, they try to empower the population to become actors in the economy of their countries. Recently, the Cameroonian government also has focused on different ways to boost the economy of the country by encouraging the private sector to engage more in the market with the creation of the Ministry of Small and Medium-size Enterprises, Social Economy and Handicraft (MINPMEESA). Social Business in Cameroon falls into the cope of social economy. Therefore, the government has passed laws to regulate social Business in the country.

Social Business is quite a new phenomenon in Cameroon compared to some countries in Africa. Therefore, it is important to understand the interest of the state on social business. This research aims to identify the social business in Cameroon, but also to analyze the discourse behind the phenomenon. Furthermore, research will try to explore and analyze the interest of the state for this quite new civil society phenomenon in Cameroon. In addition, the different tools used by the Cameroonian government to regulate social business in the country will be investigated. This work would also like to contribute to the scientific discussion on the impact of social business in Cameroon bring to.